Oral piercings and periodontal well being

Physique piercing has a protracted historical past having been practiced since as way back because the neolithic period. Widespread oral piercing websites embrace the lip higher frenulum and the tongue. They’re usually metallic or plastic and have a variety of kinds. A variety of oral issues have been reported together with tooth accidents, gingival recession and extreme native periodontal injury infections.

The purpose of this evaluate was to guage the affect of oral piercings on the periodontal well being standing in grownup sufferers.


A evaluate protocol was registered with the PROSPERO database. Searches have been performed within the Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Managed Trials (CENTRAL) and OpenGrey databases. Randomised managed scientific research (RCTs), managed scientific research, potential or retrospective case collection, cross-sectional or case–management research revealed in English or German involving a minimum of 10 sufferers and reporting on periodontal outcomes have been thought-about. The first final result was probing pocket depths (PPD) with scientific attachment loss (CAL), gingival recession, bleeding on probing (BOP), and plaque rating (PI) as secondary outcomes.  Two reviewers independently chosen research and extracted information. Examine high quality was assessed utilizing case-series appraisal instrument (Maga et al 2012). A vote-counting methodology was used to synthesise the outcomes.


  • 8 research (2 case-series, 6 cross-sectional research) involving a complete of 408 sufferers have been included.
  • Pattern sizes ranged from 18 – 110 sufferers.
  • The included research had 236 lip piercings and 236 tongue piercings.
  • Sporting instances different from 1 month to 19 years with one research having a minimal sporting time of 1 12 months.
  • In sufferers with tongue piercings, tooth adjoining to the piercing confirmed elevated PPD (3 of 5 research), extra scientific attachment loss [CAL] (3 of 4 research), extra gingival recessions (4 of 4 research) and the next bleeding on probing (2 of three research) in contrast with management tooth.
  • In sufferers with lip piercings, tooth adjoining to the piercing demonstrated extra gingival recessions (3 of 4 research) in contrast with management tooth.
  • Time since piercing placement was related to localized periodontal destruction in sufferers with tongue and/or lip piercings (4 of seven research).


The authors concluded: –

The out there proof from eight research suggests adverse results of tongue piercings on a number of periodontal well being parameters of adjoining tooth, whereas gingival recessions have been regularly detected in sufferers with lip piercings.


A protocol for this evaluate was registered with the Prospero database and quite a lot of databases searched. Nonetheless, a language restriction to English and German might have excluded some related studied. As well as, the evaluate was narrowly focussed on periodontal outcomes. A earlier evaluate by Passos et al., (Dental Elf – 6th Jul 2022) seemed extra broadly at any oral issues from oral piercings together with 54 research with 38 research reporting on some sort of periodontal concern. Different evaluations have additionally reported on hostile oral results from oral piercings (Dental Elf – 19th Feb 2015). Nonetheless, whereas a rising variety of research a reporting on these hostile results the standard of the research is low and future research ought to be reported utilizing worldwide guideline for reporting on observational research and care studies utilizing widespread final result units.


Main Paper  

Difloe-Geisert JC, Müller JS, Weiger R, Walter C. Impression of oral piercings on periodontal well being – A scientific evaluate. Int J Dent Hyg. 2023 Sep 11. doi: 10.1111/idh.12734. Epub forward of print. PMID: 37691549.

Evaluation protocol on PROSPERO

Different references.

Moga C, Guo B, Schopflocher D, Harstall C. Improvement of a High quality Appraisal Instrument for Case Collection Research Utilizing a Modified Delphi Method. Institute of Well being Economics (IHE); 2012.

Dental Elf – 6th Jul 2022

Oral piercing and oral issues

Dental Elf – 19th Feb 2015

Oral piercings-tooth and gum injury widespread suggests evaluate

Image Credit

Picture by engin akyurt on Unsplash



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